Swollen and bleeding gums are early signs that your gums are infected with bacteria. Periodontal disease, more commonly know as gum disease, involves infections in the around the tooth/teeth, which include the gums, ligament and bone. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis, and is usually caused by bacteria in the plaque that sits mainly around the gum line. At this stage only the gums are infected and the damage can be reversed. Our dentists and hygienists at Smiles @ Bronberg can help guide you in the right direction to combat this!
If gum disease is left untreated, it progresses to involve the ligaments and the surrounding bone. This results to loose teeth, that in most cases cannot be saved.